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Previously, India was ruled by a Governor-General. The Viceroys continued to hold the title of Governor-General as well as that of Viceroy.

Name Entered office Left office Party
The Viscount Canning later The Earl Canning, P.C. 1 November 1858 21 March 1862 Peelite
The Earl of Elgin, K.T., G.C.B., K.S.I., P.C. 21 March 1862 20 November 1863 Liberal
The Rt. Hon. Sir John Lawrence, G.C.B., K.S.I. 12 January 1864 12 January 1869
The Earl of Mayo, K.P., G.C.S.I., P.C. 12 January 1869 8 February 1872 Conservative
The Lord Northbrook, G.C.S.I., P.C. 3 May 1872 12 April 1876 Liberal

The Lord Lytton, G.C.S.I.

12 April 1876 8 June 1880 Conservative
The Marquess of Ripon, K.G., G.C.S.I., P.C. 8 June 1880 13 December 1884 Liberal
The Earl of Dufferin, K.P., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., P.C. 13 December 1884 10 December 1888 Liberal
The Marquess of Lansdowne, G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E. 10 December 1888 11 October 1894 Liberal Unionist
The Earl of Elgin, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., P.C. 11 October 1894 6 January 1899 Liberal
The Lord Curzon of Kedleston, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., P.C. 6 January 1899 18 November 1905 Conservative
The Earl of Minto, G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., P.C. 18 November 1905 23 November 1910 Unionist
The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst, G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O., P.C. 23 November 1910 4 April 1916
The Lord Chelmsford, G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., P.C. 4 April 1916 2 April 1921
The Earl of Reading, G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., K.C.V.O., P.C. 2 April 1921 3 April 1926 Liberal
The Lord Irwin, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., P.C. 3 April 1926 18 April 1931 Conservative
The Earl of Willingdon, G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.B.E., P.C. 18 April 1931 18 April 1936 Liberal
The Marquess of Linlithgow, K.T., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., O.B.E., P.C. 18 April 1936 1 October 1943 Conservative
Field Marshal The Viscount Wavell, G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., K.C.V.O., C.M.G., M.C., P.C. 1 October 1943 21 February 1947
Rear-Admiral The Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, K.G., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., D.S.O. 21 February 1947 15 August 1947

Thereafter, the representative of the King in India was the Governor-General of India, until India became a republic in 1950.

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