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British Offices and Honours

Leader of the House of Commons

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Name Entered office Left office Party Notes
Robert Walpole
from 1725, Sir Robert Walpole
4 April 1721 11 February 1742 Whig Prime Minister
Samuel Sandys 16 February 1742 27 August 1743 Whig Chancellor of the Exchequer
Henry Pelham 27 August 1743 6 March 1754 Whig Prime Minister
Sir Thomas Robinson 23 March 1754 October 1755 Whig Southern Secretary
Henry Fox 14 November 1755 13 November 1756 Whig Southern Secretary
William Pitt the Elder 13 November 1756 6 April 1757 Whig Southern Secretary
? 6 April 1757 27 June 1757
William Pitt the Elder 27 June 1757 9 October 1761 Whig Southern Secretary
George Grenville 9 October 1761 14 October 1762 Whig Treasurer of the Navy and then Northern Secretary
Henry Fox 14 October 1762 16 April 1763 Whig Paymaster-General
George Grenville 16 April 1763 13 July 1765 Whig Prime Minister
Henry Seymour Conway 13 July 1765 20 January 1768 Whig Southern Secretary 1765-1766; Northern Secretary 1766-1768
Lord North 20 January 1768 27 March 1782 Tory Chancellor of the Exchequer; Prime Minister from 1770
Charles James Fox 27 March 1782 5 July 1782 Whig Foreign Secretary
Thomas Townshend 10 July 1782 6 March 1783 Whig Home Secretary
William Pitt the Younger 6 March 1783 2 April 1783 Whig Chancellor of the Exchequer
Charles James Fox and Lord North 2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Whig and Tory Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary
William Pitt the Younger 19 December 1783 14 March 1801 Tory Prime Minister
Henry Addington 17 March 1801 10 May 1804 Tory Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger 10 May 1804 23 January 1806 Tory Prime Minister
Charles James Fox 7 February 1806 13 September 1806 Whig Foreign Secretary
Viscount Howick 13 September 1806 31 March 1807 Whig Foreign Secretary
Spencer Perceval 31 March 1807 11 May 1812 Tory Chancellor of the Exchequer; from 1809, Prime Minister
Viscount Castlereagh
from 1821, the Marquess of Londonderry
11 May 1812 12 August 1822 Tory Foreign Secretary
George Canning 16 September 1822 8 August 1827 Tory Foreign Secretary to April 1827; Prime Minister April-August 1827
William Huskisson 8 August 1827 22 January 1828 Tory Colonial Secretary
Robert Peel
from 1830, Sir Robert Peel
22 January 1828 22 November 1830 Tory Home Secretary
Viscount Althorp 22 November 1830 10 November 1834 Whig Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sir Robert Peel 10 December 1834 18 April 1835 Conservative Prime Minister
Lord John Russell 18 April 1835 30 August 1841 Whig Home Secretary 1835-1839; Colonial Secretary 1839-1841
Sir Robert Peel 30 August 1841 30 June 1846 Conservative Prime Minister
Lord John Russell 30 June 1846 23 February 1852 Whig Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli 23 February 1852 19 December 1852 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
Lord John Russell 19 December 1852 24 January 1855 Liberal Foreign Secretary 1852-1853; Minister without Portfolio 1853-1854; Lord President 1854-1855
The Viscount Palmerston 24 January 1855 20 February 1858 Liberal Home Secretary to 6 February 1855; Prime Minister 1855-1858
Benjamin Disraeli 20 February 1858 12 June 1859 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Viscount Palmerston 12 June 1859 18 October 1865 Liberal Prime Minister
William Gladstone 18 October 1865 28 June 1866 Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer
Benjamin Disraeli 28 June 1866 3 December 1868 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer to February 1868; Prime Minister February-December 1868
William Gladstone 3 December 1868 20 February 1874 Liberal Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli 20 February 1874 21 August 1876 Conservative Prime Minister
Sir Stafford Northcote 21 August 1876 23 April 1880 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
William Gladstone 23 April 1880 23 June 1885 Liberal Prime Minister
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach 23 June 1885 1 February 1886 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
William Gladstone 1 February 1886 25 July 1886 Liberal Prime Minister
Lord Randolph Churchill 3 August 1886 22 December 1886 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer
William Henry Smith 14 January 1887 6 October 1891 Conservative First Lord of the Treasury
Arthur Balfour October 1891 15 August 1892 Conservative First Lord of the Treasury
William Gladstone 15 August 1892 5 March 1894 Liberal Prime Minister
Sir William Harcourt 5 March 1894 25 June 1895 Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer
Arthur Balfour 25 June 1895 5 December 1905 Conservative First Lord of the Treasury; from 1902, Prime Minister
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman 5 December 1905 7 April 1908 Liberal Prime Minister
Herbert Henry Asquith 7 April 1908 7 December 1916 Liberal Prime Minister
Andrew Bonar Law 7 December 1916 23 March 1921 Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer 1916-1919; Lord Privy Seal 1919-1921
Austen Chamberlain 23 March 1921 23 October 1922 Conservative Lord Privy Seal
Andrew Bonar Law 23 October 1922 22 May 1923 Conservative Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin 22 May 1923 22 January 1924 Conservative Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald 22 January 1924 4 November 1924 Labour Prime Minister; John Clynes, the Lord Privy Seal, effectively led the commons as Deputy Leader
Stanley Baldwin 4 November 1924 5 June 1929 Conservative Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald 5 June 1929 7 June 1935 Labour/National Labour Prime Minister; from 1931 Stanley Baldwin, the Lord President, effectively led the House as Deputy Leader
Stanley Baldwin 7 June 1935 28 May 1937 Conservative Prime Minister; effectively leader since 1931
Neville Chamberlain 28 May 1937 10 May 1940 Conservative Prime Minister
Winston Churchill 10 May 1940 19 February 1942 Conservative Prime Minister
Sir Stafford Cripps 19 February 1942 22 November 1942 Labour Lord Privy Seal
Anthony Eden 22 November 1942 26 July 1945 Conservative Foreign Secretary
Herbert Morrison 27 July 1945 9 March 1951 Labour Lord President
James Chuter Ede 9 March 1951 26 October 1951 Labour Home Secretary
Harry Crookshank 26 October 1951 20 December 1955 Conservative Minister of Health 1951-1952; Lord Privy Seal 1952-1955
Rab Butler 20 December 1955 9 October 1961 Conservative Lord Privy Seal 1955-1959; Home Secretary from 1957
Iain Macleod 9 October 1961 20 October 1963 Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Selwyn Lloyd 20 October 1963 16 October 1964 Conservative Lord Privy Seal
Herbert Bowden 16 October 1964 11 August 1966 Labour Lord President
Richard Crossman 11 August 1966 18 October 1968 Labour Lord President
Fred Peart 18 October 1968 19 June 1970 Labour Lord President
William Whitelaw 20 June 1970 7 April 1972 Conservative Lord President
Robert Carr 7 April 1972 5 November 1972 Conservative Lord President
Jim Prior 5 November 1972 4 March 1974 Conservative Lord President
Edward Short 4 March 1974 8 April 1976 Labour Lord President
Michael Foot 8 April 1976 4 May 1979 Labour Lord President
Norman St John-Stevas 5 May 1979 5 January 1981 Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Francis Pym 5 January 1981 7 April 1982 Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster January-September 1981; Lord President September 1981 - April 1982
John Biffen 7 April 1982 13 June 1987 Conservative Lord President 1982-1983; Lord Privy Seal 1983-1987
John Wakeham 13 June 1987 24 July 1989 Conservative Lord Privy Seal 1987-1988; Lord President 1988-1989
Sir Geoffrey Howe 24 July 1989 1 November 1990 Conservative Deputy Prime Minister and Lord President
John MacGregor 2 November 1990 10 April 1992 Conservative Lord President
Tony Newton 10 April 1992 2 May 1997 Conservative Lord President
Ann Taylor 2 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour Lord President
Margaret Beckett 27 July 1998 8 June 2001 Labour Lord President
Robin Cook 8 June 2001 18 March 2003 Labour Lord President
John Reid 4 April 2003 13 June 2003 Labour Lord President
Peter Hain 13 June 2003 6 May 2005 Labour Lord Privy Seal and Welsh Secretary
Geoff Hoon 6 May 2005 current incumbent Labour Lord Privy Seal

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