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The treasury was first put into commission in 1612. Since 1714, it has always been in commission.  See also Lord High Treasurer

Name Entered office Left office Party Notes
The Earl of Northampton 17 June 1612 24 June 1613
The Lord Ellesmere 24 June 1613 11 July 1614 also Lord Chancellor
George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury July 1618 14 December 1620
William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury 15 March 1635 6 March 1636
The Lord Lyttelton 21 May 1641 3 October 1643
Sir Edward Hyde 19 June 1660 8 September 1660 also Lord Chancellor
The Duke of Albemarle 1 June 1667 3 January 1670
The Lord Ashley 3 January 1670 28 November 1672
The Earl of Essex 26 March 1679 21 November 1679
Sir Laurence Hyde later The Earl of Rochester 21 November 1679 9 September 1684 Tory
The Lord Godolphin 9 September 1684 16 February 1685 Tory
The Lord Belasyse 4 January 1687 2 December 1688 Tory
The Earl of Monmouth 9 April 1689 18 March 1690 Whig
Sir John Lowther 18 March 1690 15 November 1690 Whig
The Lord Godolphin 15 November 1690 1 May 1697 Tory
Charles Montagu 1 May 1697 15 November 1699 Whig
The Earl of Tankerville 15 November 1699 9 December 1700 Whig
The Lord Godolphin 9 December 1700 30 December 1701 Tory
The Earl of Carlisle 30 December 1701 8 May 1702 Whig
The Earl Poulett 11 August 1710 30 May 1711 Tory
The Earl of Halifax 13 October 1714 23 May 1715 Whig
The Earl of Carlisle 23 May 1715 11 October 1715 Whig
Robert Walpole 11 October 1715 15 April 1717 Whig also Chancellor of the Exchequer
James Stanhope later The Viscount Stanhope of Mahon 15 April 1717 20 March 1718 Whig also Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Earl of Sunderland 20 March 1718 3 April 1721 Whig
Robert Walpole later Sir Robert Walpole
from 1725, Sir Robert Walpole
3 April 1721 11 February 1742 Whig also Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Earl of Wilmington 16 February 1742 2 July 1743 Whig
Henry Pelham 25 August 1743 6 March 1754 Whig also Chancellor of the Exchequer from December 1743
The Duke of Newcastle 16 March 1754 16 November 1756 Whig
The Duke of Devonshire 16 November 1756 25 June 1757 Whig
The Duke of Newcastle 2 July 1757 26 May 1762 Whig
The Earl of Bute 26 May 1762 16 April 1763 Tory
George Grenville 16 April 1763 13 July 1765 Whig also Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Marquess of Rockingham 13 July 1765 30 July 1766 Whig
The Duke of Grafton 2 August 1766 28 January 1770 Whig
Lord North 28 January 1770 22 March 1782 Tory
The Marquess of Rockingham 27 March 1782 1 July 1782 Whig
The Earl of Shelburne 4 July 1782 2 April 1783 Whig
The Duke of Portland 2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Whig
William Pitt 19 December 1783 14 March 1801 Tory also Chancellor of the Exchequer
Henry Addington 17 March 1801 10 May 1804 Tory also Chancellor of the Exchequer
William Pitt 10 May 1804 23 January 1806 Tory also Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Lord Grenville 11 February 1806 31 March 1807 Whig
The Duke of Portland 31 March 1807 4 October 1809 Tory
Spencer Perceval 4 October 1809 11 May 1812 Tory also Chancellor of the Exchequer and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
The Earl of Liverpool 9 June 1812 10 April 1827 Tory
George Canning 10 April 1827 8 August 1827 Tory also Chancellor of the Exchequer
The Viscount Goderich 31 August 1827 22 January 1828 Tory
The Duke of Wellington 22 January 1828 22 November 1830 Tory
The Earl Grey 22 November 1830 16 July 1834 Whig
The Viscount Melbourne 16 July 1834 17 November 1834 Whig
The Duke of Wellington 17 November 1834 15 December 1834 Tory
Sir Robert Peel 15 December 1834 8 April 1835 Tory
The Viscount Melbourne 18 April 1835 30 August 1841 Whig
Sir Robert Peel 30 August 1841 30 June 1846 Conservative
Lord John Russell 30 June 1846 23 February 1852 Whig
The Earl of Derby 23 February 1852 19 December 1852 Conservative
The Earl of Aberdeen 19 December 1852 6 February 1855 Peelite
The Viscount Palmerston 6 February 1855 20 February 1858 Whig
The Earl of Derby 20 February 1858 11 June 1859 Conservative
The Viscount Palmerston 12 June 1859 18 October 1865 Liberal
The Earl Russell 29 October 1865 28 June 1866 Liberal
The Earl of Derby 30 June 1866 27 February 1868 Conservative
Benjamin Disraeli 27 February 1868 3 December 1868 Conservative
William Gladstone 3 December 1868 20 February 1874 Liberal
Benjamin Disraeli later The Earl of Beaconsfield 20 February 1874 23 April 1880 Conservative
William Gladstone 23 April 1880 23 June 1885 Liberal
The Earl of Iddesleigh 23 June 1885 1 February 1886 Conservative not Prime Minister
William Gladstone 6 February 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal
The Marquess of Salisbury 3 August 1886 14 January 1887 Conservative
William Henry Smith 14 January 1887 6 October 1891 Conservative not Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour October 1891 15 August 1892 Conservative not Prime Minister
William Gladstone 15 August 1892 5 March 1894 Liberal
The Earl of Rosebery 5 March 1894 25 June 1895 Liberal
Arthur Balfour 25 June 1895 5 December 1905 Conservative Prime Minister only from 1902

From 1905 forwards, the First Lord of the Treasury is always the Prime Minister.

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